Report with literature review report

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Fatemeh Amiri. E-mail : bhuvaneswari. Leila Moradi. Introduction: An insulinoma is a rare pancreatic endocrine tumor that is typically sporadic, solitary, and less than 2 cm in diameter.

Ninety percent or more of all insulinomas are benign. Case presentation: This study reports on a year-old woman was admitted with lightheadedness, chills and shakiness. The onset of the symptoms was from 1 year ago. This symptom improved after eating of candy or fruit juice. The patient was admitted for management for hypoglycemia.

Blood tests evidenced high insulin and c-peptide levels despite low plasma glucose level. Endoscopic ultrasonography EUS revealed pancreatic mass. She underwent enucleation of mass, and the surgical pathology was consistent with insulinoma. Conclusion: Proper management for timely treatment of a patient with insulinoma involves complex medical teamwork consisting of physicians from various specialties: endocrinology, internal medicine, surgery, pathology, medical imaging, and oncology.

Among pancreatic endocrine tumors, the most common type is insulinoma. This tumor was reported in 1—4 people per one million person years [ 1 ]. Because of nonspecific symptoms, insulinoma may be misdiagnosed with other disorders.

BI- Written Report Rubric/Literature Review Live Stream

Patients often present with hypoglycemia symptoms resulting from inappropriate insulin secretion [2, 3 ]. It can be seen at any age and occurs slightly more frequently in woman than man [ 2 ]. After biochemical confirmation of hyperinsulinism, preoperative localization of the tumor in the pancreas may be difficult. Surgical removal, often curative, continues to be the treatment of choice.

In this manuscript, we report case of pancreatic insulinoma, and we discuss diagnosis, localization and management of this uncommon disease. A yr-old woman was seen in the endocrinologic clinic with the acute onset of lightheadedness, chills and shakiness. She was eaten candy and fruit juice, and her symptoms resolved. The patient reported that she had experienced similar symptoms, but of lesser severity, for approximately 1-yr duration.A formal report format will often contain a variety of questions, followed by sections where you can enter your comments.

How to Write a Literature Review for a Technical Report

Try to answer as many of these questions as you can. You might want to consider structuring your report around three main sections: summary, major issues, and minor issues. In this section, you should make a brief summary of what the paper is about and what the main findings are. Major flaws might include:. These might include:. Be polite and clear throughout, and remember to be both constructive and objective.

For further tips on putting together a review report, or to find out more about peer review in general, take a look at our reviewer resources pages. Do you have any further advice on structuring a review report?

Uterine Carcinosarcoma: A Case Report and Literature Review

Let us know in the comments below! Following the expansion of Wiley's partnership with Publons, we look back on some of the milestones achieve OverWiley reviewers are using Publons. Learn more in this infographic highlighting the key data behind this milestone. Wiley is excited to share that over 1, review records from Wiley journals have been added on Publons.

Discover more about a pilot on transparent peer review workflow Wiley launched in September Timely publication means research results are published when they are most relevant for further research. In the changing research publishing landscape, how do researchers and publishers collaborate to maintain the essential aspects of quality — namely integrity and ethics.? What does better peer review look like? We begin by considering the whole peer review publishing process, not just the act of peer review itself.

We asked editorial experts for their thoughts on the Registered Reports initiative. For a more on this topic, watch our on-demand webinar.Depending on the discipline, a review of the literature may be:.

report with literature review report

This tutorial focuses on writing a chapter-length literature review. However, the five key points presented here will be useful for other forms of literature review:.

A systematic review, as practised in clinical sciences and applied social science disciplines, has particular criteria for inclusion and exclusion, and particular conventions for writing the review. Systematic reviews are not dealt with here. See the Systematic Review library guide for more information.

Skip to content Skip to navigation. Depending on the discipline, a review of the literature may be: a single chapter segmented into a series of chapters on several topics embedded in successive thematic chapters a section of the introduction in most theses there will be a short review here to justify the research, even when there is a longer review elsewhere.

However, the five key points presented here will be useful for other forms of literature review: Selection Argument Structure Process Voice. Next: Selection.To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Report: DevOps Literature Review. Floris Erich.

report with literature review report

Maya Daneva. Chintan Amrit. A short summary of this paper. Based on this a concept table was constructed. We discov- ered that DevOps has not been adequately studied in scientific literature. There is relatively little research available on DevOps and the studies are often of low quality.

We also found that DevOps is supported by a culture of collaboration, automation, measurement, information sharing and web service usage.

report with literature review report

DevOps benefits IS development and operations performance. It also has positive effects on web service development and quality assurance performance. Finally, our mapping study suggests that more research is needed to quantify these effects. Contents 1 Background 2 2 Review questions 2 3 Review methods 2 4 Included and excluded studies 5 5 Results 9 5. One pattern which is often repeated is the separation between software development and system operations. Lately, there has been discussion about whether this division is warranted.

This dis- cussion centers around a concept called DevOps, which has thus far not been frequently discussed in academic literature. We hope to increase understanding of DevOps by reviewing the literature regarding the concept and some closely related concepts. RQ2 What effects can be observed when DevOps is being practiced? RQ3 What are the supporting factors in a DevOps initiative? RQ4 How are DevOps characteristics instilled? Papers considered for the review were 1 published in and onward; 2 related to problems found in the intersection of software development and software operations; and 3 considering development of Information Systems.

I first determined study quality on high level based on the type of the study and the venue in which the study was published. Study types were ranked based on the study design hierarchy for Software Engineering from Kitchenham [73], as described in Table 2. The study venue was ranked as follows from highest quality to lowest quality : 1 Journal articles; 2 conference proceedings; and 3 industry reports.

Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper

Based on the major concepts highlighted in their titles and abstracts, I labeled each article. Table 1 gives an overview of which labels were applied to which article. Next, I assessed studies more in depth by considering which instruments were used for reducing bias, and how internal and external validity were maximized. The results of this can be found in the following table.

Simulation is used to verify the results. The paper explains how validation could take place, but does not concretely define how it will take place. No validation takes place.Thyroid lymphoma is an unusual pathology. Different subtypes of lymphoma can present as primary thyroid lymphoma.

This review illustrates via imaging, findings and treatment the need for accurate diagnosis and timely treatment. Over several days, this 80 years old woman developed airway obstruction and rapid enlargement of her thyroid secondary to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

She rapidly responded to her oncological protocol. Primary thyroid lymphoma is a rare disease. It is an important diagnosis to consider in patients presenting with rapidly enlarging neck masses. It is a treatable condition with fairly favorable overall survival even with the most aggressive histological subtypes.

Core tip: An elderly woman presented with an enlarging neck mass and airway obstruction requiring intubation. After imaging and histologic work-up, the final diagnosis of the neck mass was primary thyroid lymphoma PTL.

PTL is an important diagnosis to be considered in patients presenting with rapidly enlarging neck masses, usually demonstrating significant response to chemotherapy and favorable prognosis.

Tissue biopsy rather than fine needle aspiration is the current gold standard for definitive histologic diagnosis, adding the benefit of subtyping, a crucial prognostic indicator. Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is helpful for staging these lymphomas. The role of surgery in treating this entity has been diminished.

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Its annual incidence is reportedly similar to that of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, estimated as 2 per million per year [ 46 ]. A number of retrospective studies and case reports have demonstrated PTL more commonly affects women with reported mean age of incidence in the sixties [ 3 - 58 ]. Herein, we present an illustrative case of thyroid lymphoma, its evaluation, differential diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. An year-old Chinese woman was brought to the emergency department for shortness of breath.

The patient presented to an outside hospital with shortness of breath of one week duration two months prior to presentation. At that time, physical examination and computed tomography CT scan revealed an enlarged thyroid gland as well as right neck lymphadenopathy.Davisson J. Wriston, Evan R. Norfolk, Lindsay M.

Smith, Guoli Chen, David H. Drug-induced antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody ANCA -associated vasculitis AAV has been increasingly recognized in the literature with numerous medications listed as causative agents in disease pathology. Doxycycline is a commonly prescribed medication within the United States which is a synthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic with antimicrobial properties and at low doses exhibits anti-inflammatory effects.

In this report, we describe a case of doxycycline-induced ANCA-associated vasculitis with laboratory and biopsy findings supporting the diagnosis, which to the best of our knowledge is the first described case of doxycycline-induced AAV in the literature. The patient was started on doxycycline for treatment of potential Lyme disease.

She began to develop progressively worsening myasthenia, erythematous macular rash, anorexia, anemia, and fatigue for several weeks following the course of doxycycline with initial concern of a paraneoplastic process. Ultimately, the patient was discovered to be positive for antinuclear antibody ANAperinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody pANCAand myeloperoxidase MPO antibody for which she was treated with a course of prednisone leading to complete remission of disease.

A brief review of the pathogenesis of ANCA vasculitides will also be discussed within this article. Drug-induced antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody ANCA -associated vasculitis is a unique subset of the ANCA-associated vasculitides which are classified as small vessel vasculitides. The division was made due to a higher level of confidence that ANCAs are directly involved in the pathogenesis of AAV which has been confirmed in follow-up literature [ 12 ].

These antigens are proteinase 3 PR3 and myeloperoxidase MPO which are almost exclusively found in neutrophils and monocytes [ 3 ]. AAV pathogenesis is multifactorial, comprising genetic factors, epigenetic factors, and environmental factors [ 5 ]. Environmental factors specifically include drugs or infections. NETs are used to trap and kill bacteria. NETs likely occur at a stable rate of production and degradation under homeostatic conditions [ 7 ].

However, persistent formation of NETs ultimately leads to damage of small vessels. There is still significant information to learn in regard to the exact pathogenesis of drug-induced AAV as some medications including minocycline, which is a tetracycline in the same class as doxycycline, do not appear to directly induce NET formation or inhibit NET degradation raising the question if another mechanism is at work for causing the drug-induced AAV [ 8 ]. However, there are certain characteristics that drug-induced AAV alone seems to display.

These data appear to be consistent with case reports consisting of other medications causing AAV.

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Specifically, patients with antithyroid drug-induced AAV, when compared to primary AAV, more often have skin damage, positive ANA, and good prognosis with high likelihood of disease remission [ 910 ]. Doxycycline is a synthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic with antimicrobial properties and at low doses exhibits anti-inflammatory effects [ 12 ]. Doxycycline and minocycline are part of the class of antibiotics called tetracyclines. There have been several case reports of minocycline-induced systemic erythematous lupus SLE and minocycline-induced AAV over the last 20 years.Uterine carcinosarcomas are rare and extremely aggressive undifferentiated carcinomas which include both carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements.

A year-old female presented with heavy irregular menstrual bleeding for several years and new right elbow pain and swelling. Ultrasound and computed tomography showed a large uterine mass with regional and distant metastatic lymphadenopathy and suspicious findings of osseous metastasis to the right elbow.

A biopsy confirmed uterine carcinosarcoma, and the patient underwent chemotherapy and then surgical resection of the uterine mass with palliative radiotherapy of the right elbow. The postoperative imaging showed new metastasis, and the patient was scheduled to start on immunotherapy.

Uterine carcinosarcomas are extremely aggressive undifferentiated carcinomas which include both carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements, arising from a single malignant epithelial clone [ 2 — 6 ]. The clinical presentation of the uterine carcinosarcomas is nonspecific, and imaging and pathology studies play an important role in diagnosis [ 7 ].

In this study, we present a rare case of uterine carcinosarcoma with a concise review of the most prominent radiologic and histologic characteristics of this rare entity. A year-old G4P3 female presented to the gynecology outpatient clinic with complaints of heavy irregular menstrual bleeding for several years and new right elbow pain and swelling.

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The patient denied any unintentional weight loss, lightheadedness, palpitation, shortness of breath, urinary symptoms, or difficult defecation. The pelvic exam demonstrated normal external genitalia with a large lower uterine-cervix mass. The physical examination was remarkable for an enlarged firm right supraclavicular lymph node.

The right elbow appeared swollen with a severely compromised range of motion due to pain. The patient underwent an exam under anesthesia with a biopsy of the uterine mass.

Ultrasound of the pelvis Figure 1 showed heterogeneous echotexture of the uterus with possible masses, a thickened endometrial stripe, and a vascular soft tissue lesion within the posterior wall of the urinary bladder.

There was local invasion to the urinary bladder, bilateral pelvic and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy, and suspicious findings for a rectovaginal fistula.

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A right supraclavicular lymph node was found, and the patient underwent ultrasound-guided biopsy of the lymph node. A right elbow radiograph showed findings concerning an aggressive lytic lesion within the proximal ulna Figure 3.

Writing a literature review

Magnetic resonance imaging MRI of the right elbow Figure 3 confirmed an enhancing mass centered within the proximal ulna with soft tissue invasion. The pathology report from the cervical biopsy Figure 4 revealed infiltrating malignant high-grade carcinoma with areas of undifferentiated sarcomatous morphology, which was positive for vimentin.

The mutation pattern studied by molecular pathology study suggested an endometrioid differentiation with ARID1A mutation and lack of p53 mutation. The aggressive behavior of the tumor and morphologic findings were highly suggestive of carcinosarcoma. Biopsy of the right supraclavicular lymph node revealed malignant cells with similar features to the uterine lesion which were positive for cytokeratin 7 and negative for cytokeratin The biopsy of the right elbow masses was negative for malignancy, but it was considered a false negative due to inadequate sampling and given its aggressive imaging findings and evidence of other distant metastasis.

The patient was started on a monthly carboplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy regimen based on National Comprehensive Cancer Network NCCN guidelines for 6 cycles [ 8 ]. Palliative radiation was started for the suspicious metastasis of the right elbow, as well as denosumab to decrease fracture risk due to bony metastasis. The patient was followed regularly as an outpatient, and at the last follow-up visit six months after starting the chemotherapy and completing the right elbow radiotherapy, the patient complained of minimal vaginal spotting.

There was significant relief in the right elbow pain with return to almost normal function. The patient finally underwent total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, omentectomy, and pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy. The final surgical pathology study confirmed the diagnosis of carcinosarcoma with components of poorly differentiated endometrioid carcinoma and sarcomatous changes.

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